Avion en papier
Origami Instructions Free Online Diagram also shows the results graphically of moving away from the 'purest' form of Origami in each of the eight directions. In some cases I use marked the art as 'open-ended', for example paper-cuts.
By this I mean that we will no longer have a shut system typical of Origami in which a procedure exists to create a model and can return to the starting point. It is arguable it is the closed-system through which can some- how break, that is the real characteristic of Origami. ShapingRegular figures such as triangles, pentagons are well set up for Origami.
Kent du Pre Origami Heart Envelope has done such work with Symmetric figures such as stars from which flowers can be folded. Irregular figures have made an appearance occasionally, but the most extreme form occurs in Paper Magic with Rolf Harris's models. Silhouettes do not have restrictions in the Origami sense and are of course carefully related to paper slicing. In its simplest form cuts are made before to folding in a symmetric and planned way which will 'open up' the material available without the need for excessive width. The most recent talk about of the techniques is by Toshie Takahama who refers to it as Kirikomi and distinguishes it as typical of Bateau En Papier Maché very early Japanese Origami.
Uchiyama is reported as obtaining a patent in 1908 for 'KOKO'. style origami which appears to be the same in concept. Japanese books are filled with slitting to achieve ear or a tail or even legs. Perhaps one of the most recognized examples of theme 'slits to avoid folding' is in Fred Rohm's Circus pony in which 2 cuts are made, one for the ears and the other to give enough points for the hip and legs. Rohm folded his Festival pony without cuts but the technique is then far more complex. Thus we have 2 motives for cutting appearing here; one to
create new opportunities and the other to avoid the complexities of a model achieved only by folding.
Inside a corner of the Sustenance Industry Pavilion at EXPO', electricity was used to make Origami pigeons argument their wings. Modelling This is now usual in animal folds to call for a final modeling particularly if foil has been used and one can make certain of the material remaining in place. A modern example of this is in Pat Crawford's models. Neal Elias who probably led the move in the West to 3D insists on any modeling following the folding The thought of wetting the paper seems to be Japanese Origami Star Box in origin was demonstrated by Yoshizawa at a Convention in Liverpool. Another method of damp moulding using paste in the preparation is talked about by Alice Gray the lady was shown it by Yoshizawa during a visit to Japan. The folds tend to be soft and are approaching statue rather than Origami.
Bateau en papier
The associated arts are Weaving cloth and Macrame which are open-ended. However string we can have 'Cats Cradles' which is a closed-systems game with direct analogies to Origami. Multi-layer Toshie Takahama has produced some superb examples of this variation of Origami. Typically the sheets of paper are folded together but usually opened at the Origami Box Step By Step end to show the multi-layers usually with different shades. In flower folding and possible doll-making the multi-layer strategy is exploited for the own sake with little or no folding included. Multi-Part Isao Honda (15) was probably the first to publish techniques involving 2 separate sheets of document each folded to represent some part of the pet and then brought together. The idea may well be traditional; if not in the manner Honda uses it - see for example the Pagoda in Paper Magic. Recently kits have made an appearance for folding a dragon from a quantity of pieces of different sizes.
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In the most extreme combinations of water and paper we are, naturally , in the world of papier-mache which is plainly an open-ended art. DecoratingThe most basic step from the single color is one side colored and one white or plain. A great deal of modern Origami uses this colour difference. A delightful example is Joan Homewood's Robin. We can use the texture of our material which need not even be evade or paper. Neal Elias collects patterned foil and has shown models in 3 colours which depend after deciding on the best pattern and cutting his material to get the colour exactly where he wants them. A more restricted form of decoration occurs in Japanese papers which are already printed with a design ideal for a special model. The end of this process is evidently the decoration of the final model and so into the decorative art proper which is open-ended. Lengthening By simply stretching our square we obtain rectangles then bows and finally string.
Fleur en papier
The trimming out of holes and so forth. to indicate eyes etc is sometimes found in Japanese books and we are obviously coping with technique which is becoming open-ended. When we fold in a symmetric way to prepare our paper for cutting the folding has obviously become secondary (2). Honda has called this kind of paper-craft Mon-Kiri (which means crest-making). The last step in the slitting or cutting is paper-cutting, some of the finest examples are probably from China and evidently here we have an open-ended Art form. Supporting A way of moving away from the 'pure' central form is supporting or adding display mechanics to the models. In its easiest form we may use stuff, staples or 'blue tac' to hold an auto dvd unit in the desired pose and position. Or we may use wiring or card. The most unusual form of 'display mechanics' that I am familiar with is by Toyoaki Kawai.